Apakah Pendaftaran Merek Dagang A.S. Melindungi Merek Dagang di Negara Asing?

Tidak, pendaftaran merek dagang A.S. tidak akan melindungi merek dagang Anda di negara asing. Merek dagang bersifat teritorial dan harus diajukan di setiap negara tempat perlindungan dicari. Namun, jika Anda adalah pemilik aplikasi merek dagang yang memenuhi syarat yang menunggu keputusan di Kantor Paten dan Merek Dagang AS (USPTO), atau pendaftaran yang dikeluarkan oleh USPTO, Anda dapat meminta pendaftaran di salah satu negara yang telah bergabung dengan Protokol Madrid dengan mengajukan aplikasi tunggal, yang disebut “aplikasi internasional,” dengan Biro Internasional Organisasi Intelektual Properti Dunia (WIPO), melalui USPTO. Mulai April 2014, pelamar A.S. dapat secara bersamaan mencari perlindungan di hingga 92 negara. Untuk informasi lebih lanjut tentang pengajuan aplikasi internasional, lihat Protokol Madrid.

Untuk mengajukan dengan negara tertentu, periksa daftar kantor merek dagang internasional WIPO. Pastikan untuk mempertimbangkan untuk mendaftarkan transliterasi (representasi kata dalam karakter yang sesuai dari alfabet lain) saat membuat keputusan merek dagang. Misalnya, entitas asing dapat merek dagang nama perusahaan Anda yang ditulis dalam alfabet mereka untuk membuat transliterasi merek dagang Anda yang kemudian mereka merek dagang untuk diri mereka sendiri. Selain itu, program Atase IP menempatkan atase di misi-misi AS di seluruh dunia. Temukan Atase di wilayah yang Anda minati di sini.
Kalkulator Biaya Protokol WIPO Madrid adalah alat yang berguna untuk memperkirakan biaya pengarsipan menggunakan Protokol Madrid. Itulah yang harus anda lakukan untuk cek merek dagang.

Baca juga : Bagaimana Cara Memeriksa Apakah Merek Dagang Sudah Terdaftar?

Kampus Terbaik untuk Jurusan Desain Industri

Sebelum kita berbicara tentang peluang kerja, jangan lupa bahwa pengembangan profesional Anda dipengaruhi oleh negara dan universitas tempat Anda belajar. Negara dengan gelar terbaik dalam Desain Industri atau pasar kerja yang bagus untuk lulusan mungkin merupakan langkah pertama menuju karir yang sukses. Misalnya, berikut adalah negara-negara yang menawarkan gelar Master dalam Bahasa Inggris dalam Desain Industri dengan jumlah tertinggi:

    Universitas Twente, Belanda

    Universitas Coventry, Inggris

    Universitas Aalto, Finlandia

    Universitas Bristol, Inggris

    Universitas TED, Turki

    Universitas Jönköping, Swedia

Anda juga dapat mempelajari gelar Desain Industri online dari kenyamanan rumah Anda.

desainer industri adalah pemikir brilian yang menggabungkan pandangan artistik dengan teknik dan keterampilan komputer untuk menciptakan produk yang praktis, ramah pengguna, aman, dan menyenangkan secara estetika.

Jika Anda ingin berkarir di Desain Industri, mulailah mencari gelar yang tepat. Gelar Sarjana biasanya satu-satunya persyaratan untuk karir Desain Industri. Namun, gelar Master menjadi lebih umum di lapangan dan merupakan keuntungan karena Desain Industri semakin berubah menjadi industri yang lebih kompetitif.

Anda harus menunjukkan pengetahuan dan pengalaman Anda untuk mengesankan calon pemberi kerja, jadi ingatlah untuk mengembangkan portofolio orisinal yang kuat. Ambil magang selama studi Anda dan manfaatkan kesempatan untuk belajar dari para profesional.

Pilih gelar dalam Desain Industri dan gunakan pemikiran inovatif Anda untuk menciptakan produk yang membuat hidup orang lebih mudah, lebih aman, dan lebih menyenangkan.

Baca juga : Prospek Kerja Lulusan Desain Industri

Persiapan pendaftaran merek di Indonesia

Pertama, pemeriksaan merek diperlukan untuk menentukan apakah pendaftaran merek Anda kemungkinan akan disetujui atau tidak. Sebagai aturan praktis, semakin teliti Anda dalam aplikasi merek dagang Anda, semakin besar peluang Anda untuk disetujui.

Melalui langkah ini, Anda memastikan bahwa merek dagang Anda dapat dibedakan dengan jelas dari merek dagang lain yang sudah terdaftar atau yang sedang dalam proses permohonan. Indonesia mengikuti aturan “first to file”, sedangkan perusahaan yang mengajukan terlebih dahulu akan memenangkan pendaftaran.

Alasan umum penolakan pendaftaran merek dagang

Alasan paling umum mengapa sertifikat merek dagang tidak diberikan adalah:

    Ini mirip dengan merek dagang lain yang telah disetujui. Kesamaan ini dapat berupa keseluruhan atau sebagian dari nama, logo, deskripsi produk/jasa

    Ini mirip dengan merek dagang dimana aplikasi diajukan lebih awal dari milik Anda (meskipun belum disetujui)

    Tidak sesuai dengan klasifikasi, atau menyesatkan dalam deskripsi barang dan/atau jasa/

    Mirip dengan nama atau alias orang terkenal atau badan hukum milik orang lain

    Ini bertentangan dengan ideologi nasional atau agama, moral, dan kode etik Indonesia.

pendaftaran merek di Indonesia

Prosedur Mendaftar Desain Industri di Indonesia

Prosedur untuk aplikasi desain adalah sebagai berikut:

    Permohonan yang telah memenuhi persyaratan diterbitkan oleh Direktorat Jenderal paling lama 3 (tiga) bulan terhitung sejak tanggal penerimaan.

    Setiap pihak dapat mengajukan keberatan secara tertulis kepada Direktorat Jenderal dengan dikenai biaya. Pengajuan keberatan harus diajukan selambat-lambatnya 3 (tiga) bulan terhitung sejak tanggal mulai diterbitkan.

    Pemohon dapat mengajukan tanggapan keberatan selambat-lambatnya 3 (tiga) bulan terhitung sejak tanggal pengiriman pemberitahuan oleh Direktorat Jenderal.

    Dalam hal terdapat keberatan atas permohonan, pemeriksa melakukan pemeriksaan substantif.

    Keberatan dan tanggapan yang telah disampaikan tersebut dapat digunakan oleh Direktorat Jenderal sebagai bahan pertimbangan dalam meneliti apakah permohonan akan dikabulkan atau ditolak.

    Direktorat Jenderal wajib memberikan keputusan menyetujui atau menolak keberatan dalam jangka waktu paling lama 6 (enam) bulan terhitung sejak tanggal berakhirnya jangka waktu pengumuman.

    Keputusan Direktorat Jenderal diberitahukan secara tertulis kepada Pemohon selambat-lambatnya 30 (tiga puluh) hari terhitung sejak tanggal dikeluarkannya keputusan tersebut.

    Pemohon yang permohonannya ditolak dapat mengajukan gugatan ke Pengadilan Niaga dalam jangka waktu paling lambat 3 (tiga) bulan terhitung sejak tanggal pemberitahuan.

    Jika tidak ada keberatan terhadap permohonan sampai dengan berakhirnya periode pengumuman, Direktorat Jenderal harus mengeluarkan keputusan akhir (untuk mendaftarkan atau menolak permohonan) sekitar 2 (tahun) dihitung sejak tanggal pengajuan.

Jangka waktu perlindungan Desain IndustriPerlindungan hak Desain Industri diberikan selama 10 (sepuluh) tahun terhitung sejak Tanggal Penerimaan. Oleh karena itu, tidak ada pembaharuan atau anuitas untuk Desain Industri yang terdaftar, menurut UU Desain Industri.

Baca juga : Serba Serbi Desain Industri di Indonesia

TikTok sued for Rp.13.1 billion regarding the copyright of Virgoun songs

The short video sharing application, TikTok, was sued by PT Digital Chain Maya to the Central Jakarta District Court. The lawsuit is related to the copyright of the song by musician Virgoun Teguh Putra. Quoted from the page of the Central Jakarta District Court Case Tracking Information System (SIPP PN Jakpus), the plaintiff, in this case PT Digital Chain Maya, sued ByteDance. Inc and TikTok.PTE LTD with case number 4 / Pdt.Sus-HKI / Cipta / 2021 / PN Niaga Jkt.Pst. 

TikTok and its parent company are being sued to pay compensation via the law office totaling Rp. 13.1 billion, with details of Rp. 3.1 billion as compensation to the plaintiff and Rp. 10 billion as immaterial compensation.

“Because the plaintiff is experiencing anxiety resulting from pressure and pressure, which causes disruption of the plaintiff’s business activities in the future,” the petitum wrote. In the lawsuit, it was stated that the Cooperation Agreement between PT Digital Chain Maya and singer Virgoun regarding record label No. DRM: Legal / DRM / 055 / X / 2015 dated 3 November 2015 is valid. 

also read : Media Ecosystem Judged Unfair and Initiate Journalistic Copyright Regulations

TikTok is said to have illegally and without permission to reproduce, distribute and distribute the songs on the plaintiff’s master sound / master recording. In addition to requesting reimbursement for material losses, PT Digital Chains Maya also asked TikTok to place advertisements stating errors in the national print media for three consecutive days.

also read : Things you should know before registering a company in Indonesia

Things you should know before registering a company in Indonesia

In the last 2 years, there have been quite a lot of changes in the procedures and conditions for the company registration Indonesia or establishment of a PT (Limited Liability Company), especially those related to the management of its business license. Significant changes related to the procedures and conditions for establishing a PT starting with the enactment of Online Single Submission (OSS) in 2018. OSS is an electronically integrated business licensing process. OSS introduced a Business Identification Number (NIB), adjusted the aims and objectives of business activities using the 2017 Indonesian Standard Business Field Classification (KBLI), and how to apply for business permits and operational permits or commercial permits.

To be able to understand the procedures and requirements for the establishment of the latest  company registration indonesia or PT and its business licensing, it must be linked to the latest regulations, especially Government Regulation Number 24 of 2018 concerning Electronically Integrated Business Licensing Services (“PP on OSS”). Electronically Integrated Business Licensing is Business Licensing issued by OSS Institutions for and on behalf of ministers, heads of institutions, governors, or regents/mayors to Business Actors through an integrated electronic system.

You need to know, in the PP regarding OSS there are 20 business sectors whose licenses can be submitted through the OSS system. Among them are the trade, tourism, industry, agriculture, communication, and information technology sectors, transportation, to the education and culture sectors.

However, for the mining and financial sectors, you cannot manage it through the OSS system. The licensing procedures for both sectors are still under the authority of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources for the mining and oil and gas sector as well as the Financial Services Authority and Bank Indonesia for the financial sector in the form of business licenses for banking and non-banking.

The following is the latest update on the procedures and requirements for the establishment of a PT and business licensing that occurred in the last 2 years:

    Online Single Submission (OSS) Institute

The OSS system is managed by the OSS Institution, which is a non-ministerial government agency that organizes government affairs in the field of investment coordination. This institution is authorized to:

  •     issuing Business Licensing through the OSS system
  •     establish policies for implementing Business Licensing through the OSS system
  •     stipulating the implementation instructions for the issuance of Business Licensing in the OSS system
  •     manage and develop the OSS system
  •     cooperate with other parties in the implementation, management and development of the OSS system.

In addition to the above powers, the OSS Institution has the authority to revoke and declare the NIB obtained if you do business and / or activities that are not in accordance with the NIB, and / or if your NIB is declared null and void based on a court that has permanent legal force. Currently, the OSS institution is BKPM

Business Identification Number (NIB)

One of the newest concepts after the enactment of the PP regarding OSS is the enactment of NIB which is the identity of the Business Actor issued by the OSS Institution after the Business Actor has registered. NIB is in the form of 13 (thirteen) random digit numbers that are secured and accompanied by an Electronic Signature. Apart from being valid as long as you are running your business and / or activities in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations, NIB also applies as:

  •     Company Registration Certificate (TDP)
  •     Importer Identification Number (API)
  •     Customs access rights

Baca juga : Get to Know What is Franchise?

Get to Know What is Franchise?

In English, franchising is called franchising. Franchising is a system for distributing goods and services to end customers with the franchisor who gives the right to an individual or company to conduct business with a brand, name, system, Standard Operating Standards and Procedures (SOP), and methods that have been previously determined within a period of time. certain covers a specific area. The owner of a brand or business that gives franchise rights is called a franchisor, while a buyer or franchisee is called a franchisee.

In order to be easily understood by UKM friends, we will discuss it using an example. Mr. Dilan has a business in the form of Umrah and Hajj souvenirs called Alif Kurma n Friends (pseudonym). This business has been around for 5 years. Pak Dilan wants to develop the business he has started with a franchise scheme. Mr. Dilan sells franchise packages containing trademarks, products for 1 initial delivery cycle, and management procedures for IDR 35,000,000.

Ms. Milea, who heard the information, was interested and finally bought the Alif Kurma n Friends franchise because she has a shop building that is not being used productively. The word consensus has also been obtained from all parties. Ms. Milea has officially received the right to open an Umrah and Hajj gift shop under the name Alif Kurma n Friends gets a supply of dates and other variants from Mr. Dilan, as well as procedures or SOPs for running the business, complete with training capable human resources to implement the SOP. From this story, we can tell that Pak Dilan, the brand and product owner of Alif Kurma n Friends is a franchisor. On the other hand, Mrs. Milea acts as a franchisee.

As a franchisee, Ms. Milea will routinely continue to buy products to fill her shop, which has a signboard with the brand Alif Kurma n Friends. As a Franchisor, Mr. Dilan gets regular purchases from his franchisees; however, there are Quality Control responsibilities that need to be taken seriously, because poor service in one shop managed by a particular franchisee can disrupt the level of sales and consumer confidence in stores managed by other franchisees. How about friends of UKM, hopefully now the details are clear, yes, what is a franchise system, franchisor, and franchisee?

How to Start a Franchise Business?

If you want to use a franchise strategy in your business, you don’t need to be afraid. Because this franchise scheme has been regulated by the Government in such a way. The latest regulations related to franchising have been issued by the Ministry of Trade or the Ministry of Trade in MOT no. 71 years 2019.

In this regulation, the government provides facilities for business actors in conducting franchises, one of which is the elimination of franchise outlet restrictions. In the previous regulation, food outlet owners were limited to a maximum of 250 outlets, while modern shop ownership was limited to a maximum of 150 outlets. In addition, the level of components (materials used) in the country, which was previously required to be 80 percent, now only becomes mandatory without a minimum limit. If you have question, ask law firm jakarta you trusted.

This is a form of government support for business actors in Indonesia, you know. So friends of UKM, let’s take advantage of this opportunity as best as possible. So, here are the things you must do to start a franchise business.

Develop a business concept

If you already have a business and want to become a franchisor, then there are a number of things you need to do. The first step, friends of UKM need to prepare their business concept carefully. The business concept in this case is whether what you offer will only sell trademarks or also include others, such as raw materials, business premises or booths, and so on.

Which is better, selling only trademarks or selling the “complete package”? The answer depends on the readiness of UKM friends. If indeed raw materials, business premises, and other necessities have been mastered by UKM friends, then this can be one of the values ​​that UKM friends can offer. However, if you feel that you are not ready to handle it all, then selling trademarks alone can be an option.

Register a trademark

In this connection, registering a trademark is very important. Yes, friends of UKM, one of the intellectual property assets in your UKM’s business that needs to be protected is a brand, and the way to protect it is to register it with the Ministry of Law and Human Rights. After being registered, SME’s friends will get a Trademark Certificate issued by the Ministry of Law and Human Rights. You could seek help from law firm indonesia.

Taking care of the legality of legal entities

After you have registered your trademark, you should immediately take care of the legality of the legal entity for your business. Yes, friends of UKM, if your business wants to be raised through a franchise scheme, then the business must be a legal entity. Friends of UKM take it easy, do not have to be a PT or Limited Liability Company. Having a CV (limited partnership) can also be an option for SME friends to choose. Steps that UKM friends need to go through if you want to take care of a legal entity CV, including making deeds and establishing a CV, making a Company Domicile Certificate, making a Taxpayer Identification Number or NPWP, making a Trading Business License or SIUP, and making a Company Registration Certificate. or TDP.

Calculate business feasibility

The next stage in this franchise is to calculate the business feasibility test that UKM friends have. In common language, SME friends must calculate how long it will take for the franchisee’s capital to return. Of course, the sooner this capital can be returned, the more attractive will be the franchise business of SMEs friends in the eyes of prospective franchisees or business partners. Bakso Malang Kota “Cak Eko” is an interesting example. The meatball outlet business line pioneered by Mas Henky Eko as a franchisor and has been established since 2006 offers a franchise business that can be BEP or a return on investment for 5 months with a franchise fee of IDR 35,000,000 which is valid for 5 years.

Baca juga : Things you should know before registering a company in Indonesia